Visit Website Did you know? Woodrow Wilson, who had an esteemed career as an academic and university president before entering politics, did not learn to read until he was 10, likely due to dyslexia. Wilson graduated from Princeton University then called the College of New Jersey in and went on to attend law school at the University of Virginia. After briefly practicing law in Atlanta, Georgia, he received a Ph.
Early life Wilson c. His mother was born in CarlisleEngland, the daughter of Rev. Joseph Wilson owned slaves, defended slaveryand also set up a Sunday school for his slaves. Both parents identified with the Confederacy during the American Civil War ; they cared for wounded soldiers at their church, and Wilson's father briefly served as a chaplain in the Confederate Army.
Wilson would forever recall standing for a moment at General Robert E. Lee 's side and looking up into his face. He became minister of the First Presbyterian Church in Augusta, Georgiaand the family lived there untilwhen Wilson was He later blamed the lack of schools.
Wilson attended Davidson College in North Carolina for the —74 school year, cut short by illness, then transferred as a freshman to the College of New Jersey now Princeton University. He graduated ina member of Phi Kappa Psi fraternity. In his second year, he studied political philosophy and history, was active in the Whig literary and debating society, and wrote for the Nassau Literary Review.
While there, he enjoyed frequent trips to his birthplace of Staunton. He visited with cousins, and fell in love with one, Hattie Woodrow, though his affections were unrequited. After less than a year, he abandoned the practice to pursue his study of political science and history. Both parents expressed concern over a potentially premature decision.
He studied history, political science and the German language. A Study in American Politics,  and received a Ph. While there he met and fell in love with Ellen Louise Axsonthe daughter of a minister from Savannah, Georgia ; he proposed to her and they became engaged in Asheville.
After graduation, she pursued portrait art and received a medal for one of her works from the Paris International Exposition.
She happily agreed to sacrifice further independent artistic pursuits in order to keep her marriage commitment, and in she and Wilson married.
Wilson had been a center fielder during his Davidson College days and was the Princeton team's assistant manager. He next taught at Bryn Mawr College from untilteaching ancient Greek and Roman history; while there, he refused offers from the universities of Michigan and Indiana.
Their second child, Jessie, was born in August Both parties claimed contract violations and the matter subsided. Wilson favored a parliamentary system for the United States and in the early s wrote, "I ask you to put this question to yourselves, should we not draw the Executive and Legislature closer together?
Should we not, on the one hand, give the individual leaders of opinion in Congress a better chance to have an intimate party in determining who should be president, and the president, on the other hand, a better chance to approve himself a statesman, and his advisers capable men of affairs, in the guidance of Congress.
He critically described the United States government, with frequent negative comparisons to Westminster. Critics contended the book was written without the benefit of the author observing any operational aspect of the U. Congress, and supporters asserted the work was the product of the imagination of a future statesman.
The book reflected the greater power of the legislature, relative to the executive, during the post-bellum period.
He argued that government should not be deemed evil and advocated the use of government to allay social ills and advance society's welfare. His third book, entitled Division and Reunion, was published in and considered an outstanding contribution to American historical writing.
If government behaved badly, Wilson queried, "How is the schoolmaster, the nation, to know which boy needs the whipping? These petty barons, some of them not a little powerful, but none of them within reach [of] the full powers of rule, may at will exercise an almost despotic sway within their own shires, and may sometimes threaten to convulse even the realm itself.
Wilson also hoped that the parties could be reorganized along ideological, not geographic, lines. He wrote, "Eight words contain the sum of the present degradation of our political parties: No leaders, no principles; no principles, no parties.
Saunders, seemed to indicate that Wilson "was laying the groundwork for the modern welfare state. He thought such attitudes represented the requirements of smaller countries and populations. By his day, he thought, "it is getting to be harder to run a constitution than to frame one.
By contrast, he thought the United States required greater compromise because of the diversity of public opinion and the difficulty of forming a majority opinion; thus practical reform of the government was necessarily slow. Yet Wilson insisted that "administration lies outside the proper sphere of politics"  and that "general laws which direct these things to be done are as obviously outside of and above administration.
Such a line of demarcation is intended to focus responsibility for actions taken on the people or persons in charge. As Wilson put it, "public attention must be easily directed, in each case of good or bad administration, to just the man deserving of praise or blame.May 02, · Patricia O’Toole’s new biography, "The Moralist: Woodrow Wilson and the World He Made" (Simon & Schuster, pp., ★★★½ out of four), comes at a ripe moment, now that the harsh.
Woodrow Wilson was born in Staunton, Virginia, the son of a respected Presbyterian minister whose Calvinist values helped to shape the future president. The first major biography of America's twenty-eighth president in nearly two decades, from one of America's foremost Woodrow Wilson scholars.
A Democrat who reclaimed the White House after sixteen years of Republican administrations, Wilson was a transformative president--he helped create the regulatory bodies and legislation that /5(11).
May 02, · Patricia O’Toole’s new biography, "The Moralist: Woodrow Wilson and the World He Made" (Simon & Schuster, pp., ★★★½ out of four), comes at a ripe moment, now that the harsh revisionism of recent years has cast a . Patricia O’Toole The Moralist: Woodrow Wilson and the World He Made, by Patricia O’Toole (Simon & Schuster, pp., $35) When Gavrilo Princip assassinated Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria.
Woodrow Wilson (), the 28th U.S. president, served in office from to and led America through World War I (). An advocate for democracy and world peace, Wilson is .