While it may be surprising to some, we will begin this overview of the U. Bush, one moonlit night in at Yale University, crawled naked into a coffin.
The Visigoths were crushed and for almost three centuries a revived Christian kingdom, Asturias, could do little more than cling to the north coast and the northwest corner of Iberia.
Nevertheless, more than one Christian state eventually organized and gradually reconquered the peninsula. There were at different times up to five different Spanish Christian kingdoms.
These were all eventually consolidated. Spain was sometimes styled an "empire. Alfonso never went to Germany, distracted by civil war and rebellionand it was already clear that the Pope had no intention of crowning him. The entire peninsula can be called, in a geographical sense, without ambiguity, Iberia.
Similarly calling the whole peninsula "Spain," however casually, can evoke impassioned responses. Spain now is a country that is distinct from Portugal. On the other hand, in Latin, Hispania was the whole peninsula. It may have been Philip II who issued the first decree for "these realms of Spain.
So the official use of "Spain" seems to have initially and in fact been for the whole peninsula. When Portugal revolted and became independent again inthe rest of the Kingdom simply continued, down to the present, under the common name.
So what "Spain" means actually depends on what we are talking about and when. It has only really meant a political part of Iberia since Another issue is with the names of the Kings. Since the major languages of Christendom use many of the same names, it is often possible to give translations.
This was formerly the most common, so that in English one talked about "Johns" and "Peters" in the Spanish Kingdoms. This is now sometimes frowned upon, but the desire to use the "native" language of the country in question can produce some gaffs: There is also the complication that the Kings of Navarre marry into French Royalty and nobility and so after are all French speaking.
The written langugage during much of the period, of course, would just be Latin. Simply using "John" would seem to be the least confusing and the most revealing. However, Portuguese and Spanish Castilian versions are given for most of the names somewhat irregularly.
Some names -- "Alfonso" and "Sancho" -- really do not have English equivalents. Sancho, the name of many Kings of Navarre, is written "Santxo" in Basque and may in fact have originally been a Basque name, though its origin in now obscure "Santius" was the Latinized version.
Sometimes overlooked, again, is that the Portuguese, "Afonso," is different. Equally Spanish is a derivative of "Elizabeth": There is a problem with the English equivalent for Castilian "Juana," the feminine form of "Juan.
One of their sons was then the Emperor Ferdinand I. He was raised in Spain, speaking Spanish. Later, he was given the rule of Austria by his brother. Elected king of Hungary and Bohemia, he then succeeded his brother as Emperor. His brother, of course, was the Emperor Charles V. The story about Charles is that he only spoke German to his horse.
He was raised at the court of his grandfather, the Emperor Maximilian I, in the Netherlands, speaking Flemish, where his name would be, I think, "Karel," as in Dutch. Indeed, he is often called "Charles of Ghent. All this seems to confuse everybody.
The colors here go with the kingdoms, but as the kingdoms combine, the color of the dominant kingdom supersedes the others. The change in name took place after one of the characteristic divisions and then recombinations, several of which we see later, between brothers, sometimes brothers who become hostile and murderous to each other.The s brought home the devastating reality that the s and s had been eras of irresponsibility, delusion, selfishness, greed, and unrelenting cowardice on the part of the government.
The Spiders Part II: The Diamond Ship The Spiders Part II: The Diamond Ship () is a much less successful film than Part I. Its storytelling is flat, and it is full of Chinatown melodrama and racistly stereotyped villains. The implications of this reasoning are huge if we apply it to social policy.
Most of the privileges that women have come to enjoy would be narrowed to moms only. The Business of War. By Wade Frazier. Revised July Introduction. The Business of War.
The "Good War" Brown Shirts in America. A Brief History of Western Anti . Summary. All the King's Men is the story of the rise and fall of a political titan in the Deep South during the s. Willie Stark rises from hardscrabble poverty to become governor of his state and its most powerful political figure; he blackmails and bullies his enemies into submission, and institutes a radical series of liberal reforms designed to tax the .
Critic Reviews for All The King's Men All Critics () | Top Critics (50) | Fresh (17) | Rotten () | DVD (6) What should have been an incisive study of the American political scene turns out a lumbering celluloid white elephant%.