Not bad, for kitty litter.
Rawkets by Reid Southen Introduction Germinating in regions far apart, these empires easily mastered any sub-utopian worlds that lay within reach.
Thus they spread from one planetary system to another, til at last empire made contact with empire. Then followed wars such as had never occurred before in our galaxy. Fleets of worlds, natural and artificial, manoeuvred among the stars to outwit one another, and destroyed one another with long-range jets of sub-atomic energy.
As the tides of battle spread hither and thither through space, whole planetary systems were annihilated. Many a world spirit found a sudden end. Many a lowly race that had no part in the strife was slaughtered in the celestial warfare that raged around it.
At least to the extent that competition and aggression are recognized solutions to ecological limitations, evidence accumulated to date suggests that the concept of war should not be strange to many sentient extra terrestrial races.
Purposive murder, which has been called "individual war,"31 has been observed in countless vertebrate animal species, including lions, hyenas, macaques, chimpanzees, gorillas, baboons, elephants seals, wild dogs, hippos, seagulls, bears, and mountain lions.
Wilson, this means that lions are excessively violent by human standards: If some imaginary Martian zoologist visiting Earth were to observe man as simply one more species over a very long period of time, he might conclude that we are among the more pacific mammals as measured by serious assaults or murders per individual per unit time, even when our episodic wars are averaged in.
Recent studies of hyenas, lions, and langur monkeys, to take three familiar species, have disclosed that individuals engage in lethal fighting, infanticide, and even cannibalism at a rate far above that found in human societies.
When a count is made of the number of murders committed per thousand individuals per year, human beings are well down on the list of violently aggressive creatures. Hyena packs clash in deadly pitched battles that are virtually indistinguishable from primitive human warfare.
I suspect that if hamadryas baboons had nuclear weapons, they would destroy the world in a week. Consider the factors of sentience, dispersion, size and heritage. Beings having genetic sentience have no concept of the self and thus no empathy for the pain and suffering of others. Genetic warriors should be the most ruthless and persistent, each individual driven on by the community urge with no thought of self-preservation.
Similarly, communal sentients should be highly pacific among themselves but instantly reactive to any threat to the community at large. Personal sacrifice may be moderated by personal consciousness, but war will be perceived more as a match between two social organisms rather than as a contest between individual combatants.
Patriotism may serve as a primary emotion rather than a vague ethical ideal, so communal soldiers may fight with a unity of purpose unparalleled in all of human experience. Finally, brain sentients such as human beings will fear for the integrity of the self without the matching support of a visceral sense of community.
Xenologists expect them to be among the poorest warriors in the Galaxy. The late Quincy Wright, a leading international jurist and political scientist, showed that the frequency of war on Earth is inversely correlated with the number of barriers to mobility.
As heritage becomes more divergent, war between the different social units is expected to become more frequent since, according to Wright: Cultural heterogeneity within a state tends to involve it in wars of two types: On energy considerations alone, war may be rather inexpensive.
In an earlier chapter we discussed the dispatch of starliners similar in bulk to the Starship Enterprise. Let us convert to wartime status. Our heavy cruiser starvessel is dispatched from Capitol World at a steady 1 gee acceleration, reaching the enemy star system light-years distant in 9 years shipboard time using a Standard Flight Plan.
When it arrives in orbit around the sole inhabited planet of the enemy star system, it hammers the civilization into submission by destroying all major population centers. This is accomplished by fusing into molten slag the top ten meters of 0.
The equivalent of this in antimatter, if the energy is stored that way, is a mere tons, which could handily be carried aboard aton starship.Laser: Laser, a device that stimulates atoms or molecules to emit light at particular wavelengths and amplifies that light, typically producing a very narrow beam of radiation.
The emission generally covers an extremely limited range of visible, infrared, or ultraviolet wavelengths. Before we can explore the galactography of war, we first must ask whether war is in any sense a "universal" phenomenon.* If the answer is clearly negative, our subject matter may be a null set.
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musical cult control: the rockefeller foundation’s war on consciousness through the imposition of a=hz standard tuning. Any Star Trek fan can tell you that when it comes to the most bang for your buck, you can't beat antimatter (sometimes called "Contra-terrene" or "Seetee").How much bang? Well, in theory if you mix one gram of matter with one gram of antimatter you should get e14 joules of . Albert Einstein was born in Ulm, in the Kingdom of Württemberg in the German Empire, on 14 March His parents were Hermann Einstein, a salesman and engineer, and Pauline initiativeblog.com , the family moved to Munich, where Einstein's father and his uncle Jakob founded Elektrotechnische Fabrik J. Einstein & Cie, a company that manufactured electrical equipment based on direct current.
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