If the basis of popular government in peacetime is virtue, the basis of popular government during a revolution is both virtue and terror; virtue, without which terror is baneful; terror, without which virtue is powerless. Terror is nothing more than speedy, severe and inflexible justice; it is thus an emanation of virtue; it is less a principle in itself, than a consequence of the general principle of democracy, applied to the most pressing needs of the patrie [homeland, fatherland] Some historians argue that such terror was a necessary reaction to the circumstances.
Yet material prosperity has increased by more in the past years than in all the rest of human history.
The capitalists through their control of the judiciary, the military, education and the media are always seeking to prevent workers and youth from drawing the conclusion that capitalism can be changed.
At the same time more serious justifications for capitalism are produced. The collapse of the Soviet Union in gave a massive boost to this branch of literary lies, allowing bourgeois philosophers to claim that capitalism had emerged triumphant in its historic struggle with socialism.
Every ruling class throughout history has sought to give its regime the stamp of permanence.
Tony Blair has sneeringly denounced Marxism as "an outmoded sectarian dogma. They are largely empirical in their approach, responding pragmatically to new challenges and rarely bothering to understand the relationship and connections between policies and events, cause and effect.
In the spheres of politics and economics, theirs is the complacent philosophy of thinking that what has gone on before will continue largely unchanged into the future.
In the s they were sure the dotcom boom would just keep on growing. This pamphlet will show that having a philosophy that correctly interprets the world and provides a compass for changing it is indispensable.
Dialectical materialism, the basis of Marxist philosophy is still the most modern method of thought that exists. As Leon Trotsky observed in Marxism in our Time: It endeavors to teach the working class to know itself and be conscious of itself as a class.
Dialectical Materialism — the science of the general laws of motion and development of nature, human society and thought — was and remains a revolutionary philosophy, challenging capitalism in every sphere and substituting science for dreams and prejudice. The history of philosophy shows a division into two camps — Idealism and Materialism.
Nature is historical at every level. No aspect of nature simply exists; it has a history, comes into being, changes and develops, is transformed, and, finally ceases to exist.
Aspects of nature may appear to be fixed, stable, in a state of equilibrium for a shorter or longer time, but none is permanently so. Galileo for instance began to discover some of the physical properties of the universe and revealed that the planets revolved around the sun.
The philosopher Hobbes declared that it was impossible to separate thought from matter that thinks. But Engels added that "The specific limitation of this materialism lay in its inability to comprehend the universe as a process, as matter undergoing uninterrupted development.
The German philosopher Hegel, who resurrected dialectics from ancient Greek learning in the early 19th century, was a proponent of the Idealist approach. Marx turned this confusion on its head.French revolution started in The series of events started by the middle class shaken the upper classes.
The people revolted against the cruel regime of monarchy.
This revolution put forward the ideas of liberty, fraternity, and equality. • The revolution began on 14th July, with the.
— Maximilien Robespierre, Though nominally all members of the committee were equal, Robespierre was later presented during the Thermidorian Reaction by the surviving protagonists of the Terror, especially Bertrand Barère, as prominent.
There was a sense of emergency among leading politicians in France in the summer of between the widespread civil war and counter-revolution.
I was introduced to Robespierre through my A Level History course, and I've found these speeches, and also the highly thought-provoking introduction in the book to Through the speeches introduced by Slavoj Zizek, one can begin to understand the mind-set, and reasoning provided behind the great slaughter of French people during the /5.
Introduction - Fatal Purity: Robespierre and the French Revolution - by Ruth For the last years of his life Robespierre lived in a house in the rue Saint-Honoré with a Parisian furniture-maker and his family, the Duplays.
if he had played his part in realising it in history, he could go tranquilly to his death, as he did, many times. Glenn Beck, the nationally syndicated radio host and founder of TheBlaze television network, has written thirteen #1 bestselling books and is one of the few authors in history to have had #1 national bestsellers in the fiction, nonfiction, self-help, and children’s picture book genres.