Background[ edit ] A map of Tulsa in Greenwood was in northern Tulsa. Post- World War Inortheastern Oklahoma had a racially and politically tense atmosphere. The territory had been established for resettlement of Native Americans from the Southeast, some of whom had owned slaves.
Atlanta Skyline Georgia, the state's largest city, and the seat of Fulton County. According to the U. It is also one of the most important commercial, financial, and transportation centers of the southeastern United States.
Located in the northern portion of the state, Atlanta enjoys a high mean elevation—1, feet m above sea level—which distinguishes it from most other Atlanta race riot and eastern cities and contributes to a more temperate climate than is found in areas farther south.
Atlanta was founded ina century after Savannahthe state's oldest city. History The three dominant forces affecting Atlanta's history and Atlanta race riot have been transportation, race relations, and the "Atlanta spirit. Transportation innovations and their connections to Atlanta helped establish the city as a state and regional center of commerce and finance.
Issues of race and race relations, dating back to the years before the Civil Warhave affected the layout of the city and its political structure, municipal serviceseducational institutions, and sometimes conflicting images as a segregated southern city and a "black mecca. Railroad Terminus Atlanta Terminal Station important developments in the s: Both of these actions sparked increased settlement and development in the upper Piedmont section of the state and led to Atlanta's founding.
Indian removal and the discovery of gold encouraged new settlement in the region, but it was the railroad that actually brought Atlanta into being and eventually connected it with the rest of the state and region.
In engineers for the Western and Atlantic Railroad a state-sponsored project staked out a point on a ridge about seven miles east of the Chattahoochee River as the southern end of a rail line they planned to build south from Chattanooga, Tennessee.
Zero Milepost The town that emerged around this zero milepost was called Terminus, which literally means "end of the line. Byhowever, two other railroad lines had converged with the Western and Atlantic in the center of town, connecting it to far-flung areas of the Southeast and spurring the city's growth.
In the name of the town was changed to Marthasville, in honor of the daughter of former governor Wilson Lumpkinwho had played a key role in bringing the railroad to the area.
Two years later the city adopted a new name—Atlanta. Supposedly a feminine version of the word Atlantic, the name was first used by John Edgar Thomson, chief engineer of the Georgia Railroad, to designate his railroad's local depot. Governor Lumpkin, on the other hand, is said to have maintained that the city's new name was yet another tribute to his daughter, whose middle name was Atalanta, although this story appears to be apocryphal.
Civil War Battle of Atlanta home to 9, people and was already the fourth largest city in the state.
Enslaved African Americans and free persons of color were part of this population, although in smaller numbers than in the older, larger port cities of the South. The activities and freedoms of both groups of African Americans, however, were strictly controlled by laws and customs. Gatherings of slaves and free blacks, for example, required special sanction by the mayor; both groups had to observe strict curfews, and free persons of color could not live within the city limits without written permission of the city council.
Antebellum Atlanta was a city led by merchants and railroad men, not planters, and as sectional differences mounted, businessmen and voters in the city tended to oppose secessionoften on economic grounds.
In the presidential election ofthe majority of voters cast their ballots for Union candidates Stephen A.
Douglas and John Bell.Find the latest sports news and articles on the NFL, MLB, NBA, NHL, NCAA college football, NCAA college basketball and more at ABC News. The Race Riot of A racist governor, sensationalized headlines and Jim Crow laws sparked rage in a mob of white men who randomly beat and killed black men in Atlanta.
Historian Cliff Kuhn and Carole Merritt, director of Herndon Home, examine the causes and consequences of the Race Riot of When Kevin Garnett was a junior in high school in Mauldin, South Carolina, a race riot broke out.
Garnett was arrested and charged with second-degree lynching—even though all accounts indicated. The Tulsa race riot, sometimes referred to as the Tulsa massacre, Tulsa pogrom, or Tulsa race riot of , took place on May 31 and June 1, , when a mob of white citizens attacked residents and businesses of the African-American community of Greenwood in Tulsa, Oklahoma.
This is considered one of the worst incidents of racial violence in the history of the United States. The Atlanta Music Festival History. The Atlanta Music Festival, formerly called the Atlanta Colored Music Festival, harks back to a century-old effort to unite black and white Atlantans through music.
Atlanta newspapers alleged that black men were assaulting white women. The charges were untrue, but the reports nonetheless set off the Atlanta race riot of The roots of the riot, however.