Its Doctor of Education Ed. Ellis is often referred to as the Father of Second Language Acquisition. The Director of its Doctor of Education Ed. Hayo Reinders, a specialist in technology in education, learner autonomy, and out-of-class learning.
Harvard referencing Reference list vs.
Bibliography In the Harvard style, references are listed at the end of your work, and are organised alphabetically by the surname of the author. A reference list includes all works that have been referred to in the assignment. A bibliography includes all the material consulted in writing your assignment even if you have not cited them within it.
Many people use these terms interchangeably so, if you are unsure about whether you need to include a bibliography as well as a reference list, ask your tutor. Guidelines for bibliographic references and citations to information resources.
Referencing in the Harvard style is a two—part process: Citation in the text: Sources are cited within the body of your assignment by giving the name of the author s followed by the date of publication.
All other details about the publication are given in the list of references or bibliography at the end. Smith or Smith Citations which are used with direct quotations, or are referring to a particular part of a source, should include the page number in your citation e.
If a citation does not have page numbers, then you would use the number of the paragraph if available e. Climate change can refer to local, regional, and global changes in weather Met Office,para. If the paragraph number is not available, then you may direct the reader to a specific section of the item, and then the number of the paragraph e.
Using the factor command can GaubatzGenerating Factors, para. If the name of the section is long, you may use the first few words of the section in quotation marks, e. The value of numbers needs to be random Gaubatz"Random Numbers and Generating" section, para.
Tips for citing If the author s name appears in the text as part of the body of the assignment, then the year will follow in round brackets, e. According to Smith If the author s name does not appear in the body of the text, then the name and date should follow in round brackets, e.
The terminology has been called into question when it was discovered If more than one of your citations has the same author and year of publication, then you should distinguish between them by using a lower—case letter following the year, e.
It was discovered that Smith athis was supported by Some authors have the same surname and works published in the same year, if this is the case use their initial to distinguish between them, e. When looking at the average income it was found that However, it was also discovered that In some instances you may need to cite more than one piece of work for an idea.
If this occurs, you should separate the references with a semicolon and cite them in chronological order, e. This point has been shown by numerous authors Jones ; Smith When citing in-text, include the name of up to three authors, if there are more than three authors for the work you are citing then use the name of the first author followed by "et al.
This was shown to be the case when Taylor et al Or, the study shows For items where the author is a corporation, cite the name of the corporation in full e. Birdwatching in the woods Woodland Trustunless their abbreviation is well—known e.
The governance of the network If a work is designated as Anonymous, use Anon instead of the creator's name, e. The literature suggests thatThis guide details the Harvard style of referencing based upon the advice given in the book "British Standard BS ISO Information and initiativeblog.comines for bibliographic references and citations to information resources.".
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A thesis or dissertation is a document submitted in support of candidature for an academic degree or professional qualification presenting the author's research and findings. In some contexts, the word "thesis" or a cognate is used for part of a bachelor's or master's course, while "dissertation" is normally applied to a doctorate, while in other contexts, the reverse is true.
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