Get Full Essay Get access to this section to get all help you need with your essay and educational issues. Ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt were mythopoeic societies, while Ancient Greece and Judaic society was vastly more rational in their mindset. Through this paper we will illustrate the similarities, as well as the differences of these fascinating early civilizations.
Compare and contrast essay: Ancient Egypt and Greece The ancient Egyptian and ancient Greek civilizations are two of the oldest known civilizations in our history.
The Egyptian civilization, based in the eastern part of North Africa, is believed to have started around BC and continued till the end of the Pharaoh rule in 31 BC. Many similarities and differences existed between these two civilizations, as even though they co-existed during a certain timeframe BC to BCthey were located in different geographical areas.
Because of these differences in geography, both these civilizations were subjected to different kinds of exposure, which included contact with other civilization and cultural inheritance. In the political sphere, we find that the Egyptian civilization had stronger emphasis on central authority, while the Greeks had a more decentralized structure, where powers were distributed over the cities and the states as well.
As far as art is concerned, we find that the Egyptians were more involved in creating great monumental and gaudy structures, while the Greeks were more involved in creating smaller, more literary pieces of art. One of the biggest reasons why these two civilizations had these differences is due to their Compare and contrast ancient civilizations lands surroundi.
The Egyptians had easy access to large stones that they could bring in to their country and use them to erect such monumental structures.
Many scholars believe that it was their power structure and the lust of large buildings that caused the Egyptians to develop a class system where they had to gather mass laborers to work for them. This can also be attributed to the Egyptians have a very strong bureaucracy and a strictly centralized government system.
These differences can also be attributed to the difference in religious beliefs of the two civilizations, as the Egyptians had a very strong believe in the after-life and they built all their large pyramids and structures in order to help their dead find a better life after death.
The Greeks lacked such beliefs and this is why their social structure was very different from the Egyptians. Both the civilizations are known to have been extensive traders, however, there were certain differences in the way that they traded due to their geographical location.
The Egyptians had the Nile to their advantage and their production was mostly agricultural. The Greeks had a much harsher climate and their focus was instead on the development of commercial law and merchant class. This is why the Greeks had to develop much more complex trade routes than the Egyptians did.
Many scholars as being more stable than the Greeks also describe the overall political structure of Egypt. Most scholars agree that this was because of the comprehensive religious belief system that the Egyptian had in place.
The Greeks lacked such a strong belief system and their political structure was marked by intermittent and heavy disruptions.
However, the two civilizations were very similar as far as the social stratification was concerned. Both civilizations had a upper class that were landowners and each of these upperclassmen had their peasants and slaves. Religious priests were also part of the upper class, as they had a great say in the political happenings of both the civilizations.
Even though both the civilizations encouraged scientific studies in astronomy and mathematics, and had greatly developed political and economic systems, they both showed more conservatism. Change was not encouraged and was only brought on about because of outside forces, such as natural disasters or invasions.
Both civilizations, were therefore, able to last a long time while keeping true to their roots and their values. Perhaps the biggest impact that the Egyptian and Greek civilizations had on our Western society was on the iconoclastic ideals and symbols.
Many of our current religious as well as social symbols such as the sun, the moon, etc have been adopted from the ideas behind Egyptian religion and mythology. The Ancient Egyptians believed that there was more to life than just the life on earth.
Much of their architecture, including the pyramids and the houses they built were based on strict rules of mathematics and geography.
They used mathematics to build the dwellings in very symmetrical designs.Compare and Contrast Essay: Ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia Early civilizations were built near rivers because of the many resources and advantages of the rivers.
RIvers could provide transportation, food, drink, and fertile soil. - Ancient Egypt is a fascinating ancient civilization.
The Egyptian culture was heavily polytheistic with a complex view of the afterlife, which was evident in their architecture and communication. Even today as ancient Egypt melts together with modern Egypt. Compare and contrast Ancient Egypt and Ancient China, they similarities anfd differences.
There were four main ancient River Valley civilizations: the Fertile Crescent of Mesopotamia, the Nile River of Egypt, the Indus River of India, and the Yellow River of China.
Compare and Contrast ancient Civilizations in the lands surrounding the Mediterranean sea. Ancient Civilization flourished in the lands surrounding the Mediterranean sea.
Each had it's own distinct views on the social, political, and religious aspects; however, there were many similarities each civilization shared with the others.
Ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt were mythopoeic societies, while. 4) Compare and contrast the governments of several ancient civilizations. Assessment Each student makes a project portfolio which includes the research notes, the planning sheets, a copy. - Compare and Contrast Civilizations Throughout history, the way civilizations have changed over time have varied greatly, in the specific environment civilizations where located.
Civilizations can be located near rivers, trough arid land, and with predictable or unpredictable climate.