Click a question below to see the answer What is APA style?
APA Citation Guide APA Citation Guide When writing an academic paper or otherwise conducting research, you are required to provide proper credit whenever you include any outside sources whether it is a book, website, magazine article, film or academic journal.
The APA style is the most common method recommended within the social sciences.
While no online guide currently exists, a librarian at your library, school or academic institution may provide you with a copy or at least set you on the right track. Free in-text citation generators are also easy to find online such as Easy Bib and kingcitation.
Always include an in-text citation whenever your paper is summarizing, paraphrasing or directly quoting an outside source. Furthermore, the sources that you cite within the paper must also be included in the bibliography page.
Note that the guidelines for APA citation often differ from other styles, so it is important to ensure that your paper is consistent in following the proper rules. APA Citation Example When using the APA in-text citation style, always use the last name of the author and the year the source was published, for instance: If your paper includes direct quotes, also include the page number, for instance: When using a website or e-book lacking page numbers, cite the paragraph numbers.
The following is an APA citation example passage, including both in-text citations and the references page: In order to reach these findings, Williams et al.
The Myth of Catharsis. Journal of Psychology, 18 6 Journal of Behavioral Sciences, 20 3 Here are further examples of APA citation: Sources containing two authors: If you are citing the authors within the text of your work, write the last names of the authors followed by the year.
However, if the citation is in parenthesis, use an ampersand. Gerhardt et al, When the author is not known: If no authors are identified in the work, cite the source based on its title when used in the narrative or use a couple of words when cited in parenthesis.
Titles for books and reports should be italicized or underlined whereas titles for articles, chapters and web pages should be placed in quotation marks. When the author is listed as anonymous: In the reference list, treat Anonymous as the author.
When the work is written by an organization: If the work is authored by an organization, make reference to the organization as part of the narrative or in parentheses during the initial citation.
Based on statistics collected by the World Wildlife Fund … Note that if the organization is commonly known, you should include its abbreviation in the initial citation and then just use the abbreviation during subsequent citations.
When including two or more works within one parenthetical citation, they should be alphabetized, as they would be on the reference list. Also insert the semi-colon that separates the authors. Smith, ; Haines, When citing authors with identical last names: To avoid confusion, include the first initials with the last names.
Jackson, When citing multiple sources by the same author in the same year: If you are using several works of the same author in the same year, include lower-case letters a, b, c following the year. In-text citations for any of these should include the author and year as it would be in the body of the paper.
If the citation involves personal interviews, letters, emails, or any other type of correspondence, include the name of the subject you have communicated with, note that it was personal communication, and include the date.Hire a highly qualified essay writer to cater for all your content needs.
Whether you struggle to write an essay, coursework, research paper, annotated bibliography or dissertation, we’ll connect you with a screened academic writer for effective writing assistance. APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences.
This resource, revised according to the 6 th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page.
5. CGOS Style – Columbia Guide to Online Style. A specialized style guide for citing and creating electronic sources. It is a a special manual that addresses the complications and peculiarities associated with online publishing and offers the rules of online citation to students, researchers and the wide public.
APA Central is a digital library of quick APA guides and tutorials: Learn - view videos and tutorials, test your APA knowledge with quizzes, and view sample papers, references, tables, and figures.
- Research - view tutorials, search APA dictionaries, develop research ideas, plan and track your research, and manage your references.
- Write - use templates to write papers (includes step-by. In this second of two APA sessions, Writing Center staff members will discuss nontraditional APA citations and reference entries, with an emphasis on those that are common to Walden initiativeblog.com will provide guidance on citing discussion posts, course videos, and other sources that are required at Walden but not explored thoroughly in the APA manual.
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