Also both men are guilty: More so than Georg, however, who comes to accept his judgment, out of proportion though it may be, Gregor is a puzzled victim brought before the Absolute — here in the form of the chief clerk — which forever recedes into the background. The selection of an ordinary individual as victim heightens the impact of the absurd. Gregor is not an enchanted prince in a fairy tale, yearning for deliverance from his animal state; instead, he is a rather average salesman who awakens and finds himself transformed into an insect.
Part I[ edit ] One day, Gregor Samsa, a traveling salesman, wakes up to find himself transformed into a giant insect the most common translation of the German description ungeheures Ungeziefer, literally "monstrous vermin".
He reflects on how dreary life as a traveling salesman is. As he looks at the wall clock, he notices that he has overslept and missed his train for work. He ponders the consequences of this delay. Gregor becomes annoyed at how his boss never accepts excuses or explanations from any of his employees no matter how hard-working they are, displaying an apparent lack of trusting abilities.
Gregor's mother knocks on the door, and he answers her. She is concerned for Gregor because he is late for work, which is unorthodox for him. Gregor answers his mother and realizes that his voice has changed, but his answer is short, so his mother does not notice. His sister, Grete, to whom he is very close, then whispers through the door and begs him to open it.
He tries to get out of bed but is incapable of moving his body. While trying to move, he finds that his office manager, the chief clerk, has shown up to check on him. He finally rocks his body to the floor and calls out that he will open the door shortly.
Offended by Gregor's delayed response in opening the door, the clerk warns him of the consequences of missing work. He adds that Gregor's recent performance has been unsatisfactory.
Gregor disagrees and tells him that he will open the door shortly. Nobody on the other side of the door has understood a single word he had uttered as Gregor's voice has also transformed, and they conclude that he is seriously ill.
Finally, Gregor manages to unlock and open the door with his mouth. He apologizes to the office manager for the delay. Horrified by Gregor's appearance, his mother faints, and the manager bolts out of the apartment.
Gregor tries to catch up with him, but his father drives him back into the bedroom with a cane and a rolled newspaper. Gregor injures himself squeezing back through the doorway, and his father slams the door shut. Gregor, exhausted, falls asleep. Part II[ edit ] Gregor awakens and sees that someone has put milk and bread in his room.
Initially excited, he quickly discovers that he has no taste for milk, once one of his favorites. He settles himself under a couch. The next morning, his sister comes in, sees that he has not touched the milk, takes it away and presents him with different types of food.
Gregor happily eats the rotten food and leaves the fresh food untouched. This begins a routine in which his sister feeds him and cleans up while he hides under the couch, afraid that his appearance will frighten her.
Gregor spends his time listening through the wall to his family members talking. They often discuss the difficult financial situation they find themselves in now that Gregor can't provide them any help.
Gregor had plans of sending Grete to the conservatory to pursue violin lessons, something everyone else—including Grete—considered a dream. His inability to provide for his family, coupled with his speechlessness, greatly reduce his thought processes.
Gregor also learns that his mother wants to visit him, but his sister and father will not let her. Gregor grows more comfortable with his changed body. He begins climbing the walls and ceiling for amusement.
Discovering Gregor's new pastime, Grete decides to remove some of the furniture to give Gregor more space. She and her mother begin taking furniture away, but Gregor finds their actions deeply distressing. He tries to save a picture on the wall of a woman wearing a fur hat, fur scarf, and fur muff.
Gregor's mother sees him hanging on the wall and passes out. Grete angrily calls out to Gregor—the first time anyone has spoken directly to him since his transformation.
Gregor runs out of the room and into the kitchen. He encounters his father, who has just returned home from work.
The father throws apples at Gregor, and one of them sinks into a sensitive spot in his back and remains lodged there, paralyzing his movements for a month and damaging him permanently.Explanation of the famous quotes in The Metamorphosis, including all important speeches, comments, quotations, and monologues.
Essay on The Theme of Alienation in Franz Kafka's "Metamorphosis" Metamorphosis is a change in physical form or structure. In The Metamorphosis, there is a literal change in the protagonist, Gregor Samsa's, physical form from a man to an insect. Gregor Samsa feels alienated at work and at home in Franz Kafka's ''The Metamorphosis.'' When he suddenly becomes an insect and is of no further.
The Metamorphosis: Theme Analysis, Free Study Guides and book notes including comprehensive chapter analysis, complete summary analysis, author biography information, character profiles, theme analysis, metaphor analysis, and top ten quotes on classic literature.
A summary of Themes in Franz Kafka's The Metamorphosis. Learn exactly what happened in this chapter, scene, or section of The Metamorphosis and what it means.
Kafka wrote "The Metamorphosis" at the end of , soon after he finished "The judgment," and it is worth noting that the two stories have much in common: a businessman and bachelor like Georg Bendemann of "The judgment," Gregor Samsa is confronted with . Struggling with the themes of Franz Kafka's The Metamorphosis? We've got the quick and easy lowdown on them here. The Metamorphosis study guide contains a biography of Franz Kafka, literature essays, quiz questions, major themes, characters, and a full summary and analysis. Study Guides; The theme of family and the duties of family members to each other drive the interactions between Gregor and the others. His thoughts are almost entirely of the need.
Perfect for acing essays, tests, and quizzes, as well as for writing lesson plans. A prominent theme of Kafka's work, first established in the short story "Das Urteil", is father–son conflict: the guilt induced in the son is resolved through suffering and atonement.   Other prominent themes and archetypes include alienation, physical and psychological brutality, characters on a terrifying quest, and mystical.