Since American Indians are now taxed, they are counted for purposes of apportionment.
House of Representatives[ change change source ] Clause 1: Composition and election of Members[ change change source ] The House of Representatives shall be composed of Members chosen every second Year by the People of the several States, and the Electors in each State shall have the Qualifications requisite for Electors of the most numerous Branch of the State Legislature.
Section Two provides for the election every two years of members of the House of Representatives by the people of the respective states.
Qualifications of Members[ change change source ] No Person shall be a Representative who shall not have attained to the Age of twenty five Years, and been seven Years a Citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an Inhabitant of that State in which he shall be chosen.
The Constitution provides three requirements for Representatives. A Representative must be at least 25 years old. He or she must live in the state in which he or she is elected. A Representative must also have been a citizen of the United States for the previous seven years.
Apportionment of Representatives and taxes[ change change source ] Representatives and direct Taxes shall be apportioned among the several States which may be included within this Union, according to their respective Numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole Number of free Persons, including those bound to Service for a Term of Years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons.
The actual Enumeration shall be made within three Years after the first Meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent Term of ten Years, in such Manner as they shall by Law direct. The number of Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty Thousand, but each State shall have at Least one Representative; and until such enumeration shall be made, the State of New Hampshire shall be entitled to chuse [ sic ] three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode-Island and Providence Plantations one, Connecticut five, New-York six, New Jersey four, Pennsylvania eight, Delaware one, Maryland six, Virginia ten, North Carolina five, South Carolina five, and Georgia three.
After much debate, the framers of the Constitution compromised and made population the basis of determining the number of seats called apportionment in the House of Representatives. It also used apportionment to determine the tax liability among the states. To accomplish this, the Constitution requires that a census be conducted every ten years.
This is to determine the population of each state and of the nation as a whole. It also establishes a rule for who should and who should not be included in the count. Because the Constitution would go into effect before the completion of a national census, it provides for a temporary apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives.
Originally, the population of each state and of the nation as a whole was determined by adding to the whole number of free Persons, three-fifths the number of all other persons slavesbut excluding non-taxed Native Americans.
It was used to determine the number of Representatives in the House. Larger states contributed more money and would have more seats in the House of Representatives. The Sixteenth Amendment removed the connection between apportionment and direct taxes. The 19th Amendment removed the restriction by sex allowing women to vote.
The 26th Amendment reduced the voting age requirement to those 18 years of age and older. But none of these amendments changed congressional apportionment.
Then the number became temporarily. Vacancies[ change change source ] When vacancies happen in the Representation from any State, the Executive Authority thereof shall issue Writs of Election to fill such Vacancies.
Section two, Clause four, provides that when vacancies occur in the House of Representatives, it is not the job of the House of Representatives to arrange for a replacement.
It is the job of the State whose vacant seat is up for refilling. In addition, the Constitution does not authorize a State Governor to appoint a temporary replacement. He is to arrange for a special election to fill the vacancy.
Speaker and other officers; Impeachment[ change change source ] The House of Representatives shall choose [ sic ] their Speaker and other Officers; and shall have the sole Power of Impeachment. Section Two also provides that the House of Representatives may choose its Speaker and its other officers.
The Constitution does not require it but every Speaker has been a member of the House of Representatives. Instead he chooses to deputize a junior member to accomplish the task. Finally, Section Two grants to the House of Representatives the sole power of impeachment.
Although the Supreme Court has not had an occasion to interpret this specific provision, the Court has suggested that the grant to the House of the "sole" power of impeachment makes the House the exclusive interpreter of what constitutes an impeachable offense.
The Constitution does not specify how impeachment proceedings are to be initiated.
Until the early 20th century, a House member could rise and propose an impeachment, which would then be assigned to a committee for investigation. Presently, it is the House Judiciary Committee that initiates the process.
If the House votes to adopt an impeachment resolution, the Chairman of the Judiciary Committee recommends a slate of "managers," whom the House subsequently approves by resolution.
These Representatives then become the prosecution team in the impeachment trial in the Senate see Section 3, Clause 6 below. Composition; Election of Senators[ change change source ] Gilded Age monopolies could no longer control the U.Article.
IV. Section. 1. Full Faith and Credit shall be given in each State to the public Acts, Records, and judicial Proceedings of every other State. And the Congress may by general Laws prescribe the Manner in which such Acts, Records and Proceedings shall be proved, and the Effect thereof.
2. Article I, Section 3, Clause 6 refers to a Chief Justice (who shall preside over the impeachment trial of the President of the United States). Since number of justices has been fixed by at nine (by the Judiciary Act of ): one chief justice, and eight associate justices.
Article I - The Legislative Branch Note Section 1 - The Legislature All legislative Powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall . Article III, Section 3, Clause 1. This is an essay about the Treason in the Constitution. Section 1.
The judicial Power of the United States shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in. The United Nation’s Constitutions’ article 1, Section 6, Clause1 send me this sample Leave your email and we will send you an example after 24 hours Article II, Section 1 begins: “The executive power shall be vested in a President of the United States.” At a minimum, this Vesting Clause establishes an executive office to be occupied by an individual.