Archaic period in Greece Dipylon Vase of the late Geometric period, or the beginning of the Archaic period, c. In the 8th century BC, Greece began to emerge from the Dark Ages which followed the fall of the Mycenaean civilization. Literacy had been lost and Mycenaean script forgotten, but the Greeks adopted the Phoenician alphabetmodifying it to create the Greek alphabet. Objects with Phoenician writing on them may have been available in Greece from the 9th century BC, but the earliest evidence of Greek writing comes from graffiti on Greek pottery from the mid-8th century.
The Ancient Greeks may be most famous for their ideas and philosophies on government and politics. It was in Greece, and particularly Athens, that democracy was first conceived and used as a primary form of government. A city-state was a major city and the surrounding areas. Each city-state had its own rule and government.
Sometimes the city-states fought each other. Athens and Sparta were the two largest city-states and they had many wars and battles. Types of Government There were three main types of government: Democracy - A government ruled by the people, or assembly. Officials and leaders were elected and all citizens had a say.
Monarchy - A single ruler like a king. In Athens this ruler was called a Tyrant. Oligarchy - When the government is ruled by a small group.
Over time some city-states, like Athens would change governments. Sometimes they were ruled by Tyrants and, at other times, they were a democracy.
Athenian Democracy Democracy in Ancient Greece was very direct. What this means is that all the citizens voted on all the laws. Rather than vote for representatives, like we do, each citizen was expected to vote for every law.
They did have officials to run the government, however. Most of these officials were chosen by a lottery. So every citizen had a chance, regardless of their popularity or wealth, to become an official. A few key positions were voted on, such as the treasurer and the 10 generals who ran the army also called the strategoi.
In order to vote, you had to be a citizen.
However, not everyone who lived in Athens was a citizen. Only men who had completed their military training were counted as citizens.
Bodies of Government There were three main bodies of the government: The Assembly included all citizens who showed up to vote.
Everyone who was a citizen could participate as part of the assembly. The assembly would decide on new laws and important decisions, like whether or not to go to war. The Council oversaw much of the day-to-day running of the government.
The Council was determined by lottery. If your name was chosen, then you would be on the council for one year. The Courts handled lawsuits and trials.
The courts had large juries to help make decisions. For private lawsuits the jury was at least people, for public lawsuits the jury was at least people. Activities Take a ten question quiz about this page. Listen to a recorded reading of this page: Your browser does not support the audio element.
For more about Ancient Greece:During the fifth century of Ancient Greece the city-states of Athens and Sparta represented two very different forms of living. Spartans directed their time towards their military capabilities while the Athenians were interested in comfort and culture.
Sparta’s and Athens’ political and. Sparta vs Athens Essay Sample. During the times of Ancient Greece, two major forms of government existed, democracy and oligarchy.
The city-states of Athens and Sparta are the best representatives of democracy and oligarchy, respectively. The Ancient Greeks may be most famous for their ideas and philosophies on government and politics.
It was in Greece, and particularly Athens, that democracy was first conceived and used as a primary form of government. Ancient Greece was made up of city-states. A city-state was a major city and the.
Two major forms of government existed during Ancient Greece: oligarchy and democracy.
The government in Sparta was controlled by an oligarchy in which the . - Athens vs. Sparta During the times of Ancient Greece, two major forms of government existed, democracy and oligarchy. The city-states of Athens and Sparta are the best representatives of democracy and oligarchy, respectively.
The cities of Athens and Sparta were bitter rivals in ancient Greece. Geographically they are very close to each other, but have sometimes had very different values, lifestyles, and cultures. About The capital and largest city of Greece. Known in Greek as Sparti.
The city lies at the southern end of.